- Ten years ago, my supervisor game me a bad review because I had complained about him sexually harassing me. I received no raise that year, as a result. He was fired shortly after that, and I’ve gotten good raises since then, but I don’t think I’ve ever caught up. Can I do anything to recover the difference?
How do you answer this? What do you think? Well prior to the Lily Ledbetter Act the answer would have been “no.” The statute of limitations for reporting the act of discrimination, 180 days, would have long been passed. But now, with the passage of the Ledbetter Fair Pay Act the answer would be different. As Joe and his collegues responded “Every new paycheck tainted by the discrimination is a new violation and restarts the statute of limitations clock.” Thus our employee in the above scenario would now be able to go claim sex and pay discrimination and recover some of the money she feels she had missed out on. I say some, because the law only allows retroactive claims back to May 28, 2007.
To make a further point, if this woman had already retired, and was receiving a pension check based upon the amount of her income, then potentially she may still have a claim, since each pension check is a repeat of the act of discrimination and thus resets the statute of limitations clock.
What does this mean for HR? You:
- Must make sure that pay and promotional decisions are documented and are business related, including the business justification for having made that decision.
- May not be able to purge paperwork files for much longer periods of time. If you have someone receiving wage or pension payments in any way shape or form you must retain that paperwork in case someone decides to file a claim. Thus, my title of The Perpetual Paperwork Act
- You need to review any possible such situation you may currently have and see what paperwork or justification you have in the file.
So get to it. Get that work done now before someone files against you. Besides, we have more laws coming later in the year and if you don’t do this now you may not have the time.